EU 7.1 Computing enhances communication, interaction, and cognition.
EU 7.2 Computing enables innovation in nearly every field.
EU 7.3 Computing has a global affect — both beneficial and harmful — on people and society.
EU 7.4 Computing innovations influence and are influenced by the economic, social, and cultural contexts in which they are designed and used.
EU 7.5 An investigative process is aided by effective organization and selection of resources. Appropriate technologies and tools facilitate the accessing of information and enable the ability to evaluate the credibility of sources.
EK 7.3.1A Innovations enabled by computing raise legal and ethical concerns.
EK 7.3.1B Commercial access to music and movie downloads and streaming raises legal and ethical concerns.
EK 7.3.1C Access to digital content via peer-to-peer networks raises legal and ethical concerns.
EK 7.3.1D Both authenticated and anonymous access to digital information raise legal and ethical concerns.
EK 7.3.1E Commercial and governmental censorship of digital information raise legal and ethical concerns.
EK 7.3.1F Open source and licensing of software and content raise legal and ethical concerns.
EK 7.3.1G Privacy and security concerns arise in the development and use of computational systems and artifacts.
EK 7.3.1H Aggregation of information, such as geolocation, cookies, and browsing history, raises privacy and security concerns.
EK 7.3.1I Anonymity in online interactions can be enabled through the use of online anonymity
software and proxy servers.
EK 7.3.1J Technology enables the collection, use, and exploitation of information about, by, and for individuals, groups, and institutions.
EK 7.3.1K People can have instant access to vast amounts of information online; accessing this information can enable the collection of both individual and aggregate data that can be used and collected.
EK 7.3.1L Commercial and governmental curation of information may be exploited if privacy and other protections are ignored.
EK 7.3.1M Targeted advertising is used to help individuals, but it can be misused at both individual
and aggregate levels.
EK 7.3.1N Widespread access to digitized information raises questions about intellectual property.
EK 7.3.1O Creation of digital audio, video, and textual content by combining existing content has been impacted by copyright concerns.
EK 7.3.1P The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) has been a benefit and a challenge in making copyrighted digital material widely available.
EK 7.3.1Q Open source and free software have practical, business, and ethical impacts on widespread access to programs, libraries, and code.
EK 7.5.1A Online databases and libraries catalog and house secondary and some primary sources.
EK 7.5.1B Advance search tools, Boolean logic, and key words can refine the search focus, and/or limit their searches based on a variety of factors (e.g. data, peer-review status, type of publication).
EK 7.5.1C Plagiarism is a serious offense that occurs when a person present another’s ideas or words as his or her own. Plagiarism may be avoided by accurately acknowledging sources.